This document specifies requirements and provides recommendations for the pre-examination phase of cell free DNA (cfDNA) from body fluid specimens other than blood, including but not limited to the collection, handling, storage, transport, processing and documentation of human body fluids, such as urine, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), pleural effusions and saliva, intended for cfDNA examination. Processing includes multiple steps, such as centrifugation for specimen cleaning and isolation of cfDNA. This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by health institutions including facilities collecting and handling specimen, laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. Dedicated measures that need to be taken for cytohistological analysis of body fluid derived nucleated cells are not described in this document. Neither are measures for preserving and handling of pathogens, and other bacterial or whole microbiome DNA in body fluids described. Different dedicated measures need to be taken for preserving circulating cell free DNA (ccfDNA) from blood. These are not described in this document, but are covered in ISO 20186-3. NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.