Cyber-physical systems integrate computational components (information processing) with physical processes, which interact through a network. Technological advances in the ‘Internet of Things’, ‘Robotics’, and ‘Autonomous vehicles’ are the foundation for making cyber-physical systems possible, and today there are examples of successful cyber-physical systems everywhere… from driver less trains, to smart buildings, to household appliances and everyday items such as cleaning robots, wearable fitness devices or electric bikes.

Cyber-physical systems provide an opportunity to positively improve our quality of life in many domains, ranging from transportation, to healthcare, farming, manufacturing, smart grids, and everyday living. A key challenge, however, is the need for engineering innovation to work in coordination with information technology innovation, as the physical meets the digital. Developing common languages and other commonalities in this pluri-disciplinary field will facilitate future development of these systems. In addition, as with many technological advances, unintended consequences of integrating cyber-physical systems are likely to emerge in future, and it is therefore important to think ahead about the ethics surrounding these systems and how future regulation can limit risks related to safety, responsibility, liability, privacy and more.

Technology trends

Robotics

Robotics technology is developing quickly and is already able to replace human labour for a range of tasks. Vast improvements in the capabilities of robots are expected to continue and this will lead to changes across many industries[1,2,3]:

  • Healthcare will benefit from the increased use of robots in basic medicine and diagnostics, reducing costs for individuals and the economic burden of publicly funded health services.[1]
  • Robots will continue to take over human labour in manufacturing, displacing workers as a result – the pace of technological development may create extreme pressures on education and training systems to support the adaptation of workforces (see ‘Effects of automation’).[1,4] However, robotics is also expected to lead to new types of work[5], as large numbers of robotics technicians will be required to maintain these ‘fleets of robots’ and the data generated and collected by robots will be immense, leading to growing demand for data scientists to make use ofit.[3]
  • The agricultural sector will increasingly use robots for manual tasks such as seeding, weeding, and harvesting, with sensors improving in their ability to identify ripe produce, harvest plants and detect disease.[3]
  • A range of military applications is anticipated, raising increasingly complex ethical questions. If terrorist organizations and non-state armed groups have access to this technology, it will increase the complexity of conflict.[6]
  • The automotive and transportation sector will move towards increasing production and use of ‘Autonomous vehicles’, made possible by advances in robotics and other emerging technologies (see ‘5G’).[4] The carsharing company Uber, for example, is currently expanding its driverless-car programme. This may lead to a reduction in private car ownership and use.[5]

As robots increase in power, their applications are likely to grow. Computing for robots is now possible in the Cloud, increasing their processing power and speed.[7] Advances in sensors, speech-recognition technology and computer vision will all contribute to more advanced robotics products, including robots that are able to operate in uncontrolled settings – known as ‘open-world autonomy’.[3]

News stories

It won’t be long before robots become a normal part of our everyday lives. Soon, our mobile companions will provide everything from coaching to communication to companionship, keeping us independent as …
Human and robot system interaction in industrial settings is now possible thanks to ISO/TS 15066, a new ISO technical specification for collaborative robot system safety.
What if cyborgs were real? Partly robot, partly man, functioning as one. No, we are not talking science fiction anymore. The first one is here and his name is HAL.
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 299
Robotics
  • Published 32 Standards | Developing 6 Projects
  • ISO 5363:2024
    Robotics
    Test methods for exoskeleton-type walking RACA robot
  • ISO/PAS 5672:2023
    Robotics
    Collaborative applications
    Test methods for measuring forces and pressures in human-robot contacts
  • ISO 8373:2021
    Robotics
    Vocabulary
  • ISO/FDIS 10218-1 [Under development]
    Robotics
    Safety requirements
    Part 1: Industrial robots
  • ISO/FDIS 10218-2 [Under development]
    Robotics
    Safety requirements
    Part 2: Industrial robot applications and robot cells
  • ISO 11593:2022
    Robots for industrial environments
    Automatic end effector exchange systems
    Vocabulary
  • ISO/CD 13482 [Under development]
    Robotics
    Safety requirements for service robots
  • ISO/TS 15066:2016
    Robots and robotic devices
    Collaborative robots
  • ISO/WD 21423 [Under development]
    Robotics
    Autonomous mobile robots for industrial environments
    Communications and interoperability
  • ISO 31101:2023
    Robotics
    Application services provided by service robots
    Safety management systems requirements

Autonomous vehicles

Autonomous vehicle technology is not a one-size-fits-all concept, as there are different considerations and implications for road, ship, or rail transport. The degree of automation can vary as well, and classified in ranges from Level 0 (fully manual) to Level 5 (driverless). The following discussion explores autonomous vehicles as a high-level trend only, where autonomous vehicles are understood as all forms of driverless transport systems.

Autonomous vehicles are already used in industrial settings, in some public transport systems (e.g. driverless trains), and automation technology is increasingly integrated in our cars (e.g. cruise control, self-parking technology or traffic jam pilot).[8,9] While the autonomous vehicle market is growing as a whole, with an expected CAGR of over 39% from 2019 to 2026, the deployment of fully automated (driverless) vehicles on public roads is still years away.[10,11] The impact of more autonomous vehicles is likely to be double-sided. They may eliminate the need for drivers of vehicles of all kinds: trucks, taxis, and public transport vehicles, representing a significant labour force impact in the coming decades.[1] At the same time, they may create opportunities for more efficient transport of goods and people to regional areas.[9] Indeed, a significant, expected benefit to society is improved population mobility due to use of autonomous vehicles for public transport, particularly in rural areas.[12]

Existing data on use of autonomous vehicles suggests they can reduce both safety incidents and fuel expenditure.[8] Autonomous vehicles are expected to make trade corridors significantly more efficient and, when combined with the energy efficiency of electric vehicles, increase the competitiveness of road transport against rail for the delivery of goods.[9]

Technology is also developing for autonomous vehicles beyond the road. Future innovations could include autonomous cargo ships and planes leading to more efficient supply chains in international trade.[8]

News stories

New standard just published.
Every year, well over a million people are killed in road traffic accidents. In almost all cases, these deaths occur due to crashes where human error was a significant factor. And while technology has …
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 241
Road traffic safety management systems
  • Published 4 Standards | Developing 1 Projects
  • ISO 39003:2023
    Road traffic safety (RTS)
    Guidance on ethical considerations relating to safety for autonomous vehicles
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 8
Ships and marine technology
  • Published 433 Standards | Developing 69 Projects
  • ISO/AWI 20682 [Under development]
    Autonomous Underwater Vehicles
    Risk and Reliability
  • ISO/TS 23860:2022
    Ships and marine technology
    Vocabulary related to autonomous ship systems
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 22/SC 33
Vehicle dynamics, chassis components and driving automation systems testing
  • Published 126 Standards | Developing 18 Projects
  • ISO/TS 22133:2023
    Road vehicles
    Test object monitoring and control for active safety and automated/autonomous vehicle testing
    Functional requirements, specifications and communication protocol
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 23/SC 19
Agricultural electronics
  • Published 56 Standards | Developing 12 Projects
  • ISO/FDIS 18497-1 [Under development]
    Agricultural machinery and tractors
    Safety of partially automated, semi-autonomous and autonomous machinery
    Part 1: Machine design principles and vocabulary
  • ISO/FDIS 18497-2 [Under development]
    Agricultural machinery and tractors
    Safety of partially automated, semi-autonomous and autonomous machinery
    Part 2: Design principles for obstacle protection systems
  • ISO/FDIS 18497-3 [Under development]
    Agricultural machinery and tractors
    Safety of partially automated, semi-autonomous and autonomous machinery
    Part 3: Autonomous operating zones
  • ISO/FDIS 18497-4 [Under development]
    Agricultural machinery and tractors
    Safety of partially automated, semi-autonomous and autonomous machinery
    Part 4: Verification methods and validation principles
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 127
Earth-moving machinery
  • Published 184 Standards | Developing 16 Projects
  • ISO 17757:2019
    Earth-moving machinery and mining
    Autonomous and semi-autonomous machine system safety
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 204
Intelligent transport systems
  • Published 340 Standards | Developing 67 Projects
  • ISO/TS 5255-1:2022
    Intelligent transport systems
    Low-speed automated driving system (LSADS) service
    Part 1: Role and functional model
  • ISO/TR 5255-2:2023
    Intelligent transport systems
    Low-speed automated driving system (LSADS) service
    Part 2: Gap analysis
  • ISO 20900:2023
    Intelligent transport systems
    Partially-automated parking systems (PAPS)
    Performance requirements and test procedures
  • ISO 21734-1:2022
    Intelligent transport systems
    Performance testing for connectivity and safety functions of automated driving buses in public transport
    Part 1: General framework
  • ISO/DTR 21734-3 [Under development]
    Intelligent transport systems
    Performance testing for connectivity and safety functions of automated driving buses in public transport
    Part 3: Service framework and use cases
  • ISO/TS 22726-1:2023
    Intelligent transport systems
    Dynamic data and map database specification for connected and automated driving system applications
    Part 1: Architecture and logical data model for harmonization of static map data
  • ISO/DTS 22726-2 [Under development]
    Intelligent transport systems
    Dynamic data and map database specification for connected and automated driving system applications
    Part 2: Logical data model of dynamic data
  • ISO 22737:2021
    Intelligent transport systems
    Low-speed automated driving (LSAD) systems for predefined routes
    Performance requirements, system requirements and performance test procedures
  • ISO 23374-1:2023
    Intelligent transport systems
    Automated valet parking systems (AVPS)
    Part 1: System framework, requirements for automated driving and for communications interface
  • ISO/TS 23374-2:2023
    Intelligent transport systems
    Automated valet parking systems (AVPS)
    Part 2: Security integration for type 3 AVP
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 268/SC 2
Sustainable cities and communities - Sustainable mobility and transportation
  • Published 18 Standards | Developing 1 Projects
  • ISO 37168:2022
    Smart community infrastructures
    Guidance on smart transportation by Electric, Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (eCAVs) and its application to on-demand responsive passenger services with shared vehicles
  • ISO 37181:2022
    Smart community infrastructures
    Smart transportation by autonomous vehicles on public roads

Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a system of interconnected devices embedded with software, sensors, and other technologies (such as digital twin, cloud computing, big data and ‘Artificial intelligence’), which allows them to exchange data over the Internet for the purpose of improving functionality and monitoring. IoT systems are software and data-intensive, as well as network centric. They can be quite complex, ranging from simple architecture to systems which are multi-tiered, distributed, and ‘Cyber-physical systems’. IoT systems are key enablers of ‘smart everything’, including smart homes and buildings, ‘Smart manufacturing’, ‘Smart cities’, and smart farming, but also wearable technologies, medical devices, and vehicles.[11] Currently, there are twice as many devices connected to the Internet as people, and IoT connections are still expected grow at 17% per year.[4,11] Experts predict that, by 2025, an average Internet user will be interacting with IoT devices nearly 4,900 times each day.[4]

This increased device connectivity will result in massive amounts of data, creating growing needs for data storage, analytical capacity, and data protection. The data gathered by these devices can contribute to improved strategies to reduce poverty in some contexts, as well as increased sustainability and environmental protection. However, the IoT could also pose risks, if data are not sufficiently protected, or if it is used for unethical purposes.[2]

The rollout of emerging communications and networking technologies such as ‘5G‘ and satellite IoT will increase the reach, efficiency, and capacity of IoT devices, further growing the demand for these products.[3,11] For example, improved IoT technology and increased connectivity are already fostering the development of remote surgery technologies, which will “bring previously inaccessible healthcare to worldwide populations.”[3]

News stories

Cryptography is an important computer security tool that deals with techniques to store and transmit information in ways that prevent unauthorized access or interference.
Three new standards are set to help accelerate the arrival of a connected world.
The number of connected devices worldwide is growing exponentially and this “Internet of Things” affects every area of our lives from electricity to agriculture. A recently published International Standard …
Suppose a criminal were using your nanny cam to keep an eye on your house. Or your refrigerator sent out spam e-mails on your behalf to people you don’t even know. Now imagine someone hacked into your …
The Internet of Things (IoT) has the power to change our world. And while we are starting to see its incredible impact, we are still very much at the beginning of the transformational journey. Here’s a …
The Internet of Things (IoT) revolution will bring numerous improvements to all industrial sectors, but an area that will realize many of the advantages of IoT in the years ahead is transport. Here, two …
The Internet of Things is already changing lives today. Businesses are responding to the new promises offered and the challenges raised. Standards, meanwhile, help resolve some of the related complexities.
Technical Committee
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 41
Internet of things and digital twin
  • Published 45 Standards | Developing 15 Projects
  • ISO/IEC 20924:2024
    Internet of Things (IoT) and digital twin
    Vocabulary
  • ISO/IEC 21823-1:2019
    Internet of things (IoT)
    Interoperability for IoT systems
    Part 1: Framework
  • ISO/IEC 21823-2:2020
    Internet of things (IoT)
    Interoperability for IoT systems
    Part 2: Transport interoperability
  • ISO/IEC 21823-3:2021
    Internet of things (IoT)
    Interoperability for IoT systems
    Part 3: Semantic interoperability
  • ISO/IEC 21823-4:2022
    Internet of things (IoT)
    Interoperability for IoT systems
    Part 4: Syntactic interoperability
  • ISO/IEC TR 22417:2017
    Information technology
    Internet of things (IoT) use cases
  • ISO/IEC DIS 30141 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Reference architecture
  • ISO/IEC 30147:2021
    Information technology
    Internet of things
    Methodology for trustworthiness of IoT system/service
  • ISO/IEC CD TS 30149 [Under development]
    Internet of things (IoT)
    Trustworthiness principles
  • ISO/IEC 30162:2022
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Compatibility requirements and model for devices within industrial IoT systems
  • ISO/IEC 30165:2021
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Real-time IoT framework
  • ISO/IEC CD TS 30168 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Generic trust anchor application programming interface for industrial IoT devices
  • ISO/IEC 30169:2022
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    IoT applications for electronic label system (ELS)
  • ISO/IEC AWI 30177 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Underwater network management system (U-NMS) interworking
  • ISO/IEC AWI 30178 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Data format, value and coding
  • ISO/IEC 30179:2023
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Overview and general requirements of IoT system for ecological environment monitoring
  • ISO/IEC DIS 30180 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Functional requirements to determine the status of self-quarantine through Internet of Things data interfaces
  • ISO/IEC AWI 30181 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Functional architecture for resource ID interoperability
  • ISO/IEC DIS 30184 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Autonomous IoT object identification in connected home
    Requirements and framework
  • ISO/IEC AWI 30187 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    Evaluation indicator for IoT systems
  • ISO/IEC AWI 30189-1 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    IoT-based management of tangible cultural heritage
    Part 1: Framework
  • ISO/IEC AWI 30194 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT) and Digital Twin
    Best practices for use case projects
  • ISO/IEC AWI 30195 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    IoT applications for long-distance oil and gas pipeline
  • ISO/IEC AWI 30196 [Under development]
    Internet of Things (IoT)
    IoT applications for natural gas distribution system
Technical Committee
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27
Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection
  • Published 242 Standards | Developing 64 Projects
  • ISO/IEC DIS 27701 [Under development]
    Security techniques
    Extension to ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002 for privacy information management
    Requirements and guidelines
Technical Committee
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29
Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information
  • Published 619 Standards | Developing 107 Projects
  • ISO/IEC CD 23093-1 [Under development]
    Information technology
    Internet of media things
    Part 1: Architecture
  • ISO/IEC CD 23093-2 [Under development]
    Information technology
    Internet of media things
    Part 2: Discovery and communication API
  • ISO/IEC CD 23093-3 [Under development]
    Information technology
    Internet of media things
    Part 3: Media data formats and APIs
  • ISO/IEC 23093-4:2023
    Information technology
    Internet of media things
    Part 4: Reference software and conformance
  • ISO/IEC DIS 23093-5 [Under development]
    Information technology
    Internet of media things
    Part 5: IoMT autonomous collaboration
  • ISO/IEC CD 23093-6 [Under development]
    Information technology
    Internet of media things
    Part 6: IoMT Media data formats and API for distributed AI processing

Smart cities

Cities are the future of human organization, with over two-thirds of the global population expected to live in urban areas by 2030. This raises significant challenges, including the allocation of resources to growing populations and the management of their consumption and waste. Smart cities are rising to address these challenges by integrating smart technologies to address citizens’ needs more safely, sustainably, and efficiently, from goods and services to transport and logistics management. The World Economic Forum predicts that the technological tipping point for smart cities – that is, when they move from being novel entities to representing the norm – could occur as early as 2026.[13]

‘Smart’ can mean different things to different people. In ISO, a ‘smart city’ is considered to be one with “effective integration of physical, digital and human systems in the built environment to deliver a sustainable, prosperous and inclusive future for its citizens” (ISO/IEC 30182:2017, 2.14). Another helpful way to understand it is to look at smart as having three pillars: digital, physical, and economic. Digitally smart refers to the effective deployment of digital and communication technologies for city management. Physically smart refers to the adjustment and construction of sustainable infrastructures and processes that enhance the city’s resilience and the residents’ quality of life. Finally, economically smart refers to the effective collaboration between citizens and local businesses to share assets and resources to build a resilient community.[14] The evolution of smart cities is closely linked to innovation in ‘Internet of Things’, ‘5G‘ and DARQ technologies, ‘Distributed ledger‘, ‘Artificial intelligence’, ‘Extended reality’, ‘Quantum computing’, which are essential in supporting the deployment of smart cities around the globe.[3]

Smart cities can both improve the living conditions of residents and support more sustainable living arrangements. They do this by integrating smart grids (see ‘Energy’), energy-saving construction materials and buildings, efficient digital management systems for waste and other logistical needs and services to citizens.[8] This results in a more efficient use of resources and resilient, better-connected systems. However, with this increased connectivity also brings risks related to privacy and big-data sharing. Because a smart city depends on a highly interdependent connected network, this increases the risk that a security breach, hacking or technical issue such as a power cut could affect the entire system, with repercussions in all sectors.[15,16] There is also a concern about the ‘Big Brother’ dilemma – for smart technology to efficiently relay information and adapt systems to residents’ needs, big data must be collected using things like cameras, sensors, and IoT tools.[17]

To maintain citizens’ trust in the smart city concept, effective policies and regulations will be needed to protect residents’ privacy and personal information. Standardization plays an important role towards bringing trust amongst citizens, thanks to transparency and open processes, which is key for citizens acceptance and confidence.

News stories

SDG 11
Sustainable Cities and Communities
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Our cities produce most of the world’s carbon emissions. What can we do to reduce their impact on the climate and how can International Standards help?
New guidance just published.
A new report from the World Economic Forum promotes an integrated approach as the solution to decarbonizing urban areas. Here are some top ISO standards to help.
A new standard for digital payment on public transport just published.
Global standards leaders IEC, ISO and ITU join forces to better serve cities of the future.
A series of standards that map the information technology needs of cities is underway.
What kind of city do we want to live in? One that is smart, resilient and sustainable, of course. To achieve our vision, we need to start planning now, with a little help from ISO standards. Dr Bernard …
Building more sustainably is becoming a necessity to address tomorrow’s climate and environmental challenges. Grenoble-Alpes Métropole has established itself as a leader in sustainable cities. 
A smart city is a resilient city, able to handle all the challenges of a changing world while keeping essential functions running. But how can a city know its level of resilience? A new International Standard …
Increasing urbanization worldwide means city living is the future, and digital innovation can help to make that future bright. This is the theme of this year’s World Cities Day and ISO International Standards …
City living is on the rise, having gone from 751 million of the world’s population in 1950 to 4.2 billion in 2018. What’s more, it’s expected to reach 6.7 billion in 20501. How can cities adapt and prepare …
Every year, a dozen organizations come together to focus on global standards collaboration in the area of information and communication technology. This year’s meeting, GSC-22, was held in Montreux, Switzerland, …
The populations of most world cities are growing fast, and with it come challenges and opportunities for keeping citizens safe and well. New International Standards for measuring and improving the performance …
Smart cities are more than just a buzzword. With expanding urban areas expected to host up to 70 % of the total world population by 2050, they are a necessity. “Standards make cities smarter” is the theme …
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 268
Sustainable cities and communities
  • Published 50 Standards | Developing 17 Projects
  • ISO/TR 6030:2022
    Smart community infrastructures – Disaster risk reduction – Survey results and gap analysis
  • ISO/WD 37100 [Under development]
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Vocabulary
  • ISO 37106:2021
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Guidance on establishing smart city operating models for sustainable communities
  • ISO 37110:2022
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Management requirements and recommendations for open data for smart cities and communities
    Overview and general principles
  • ISO/TR 37112:2024
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Case studies in how smart city operating models support an effective public-health emergency response
  • ISO/FDIS 37113 [Under development]
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Guidance for managing public health emergency response in smart city operating models
  • ISO/DIS 37114 [Under development]
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Appraisal framework for datasets and data processing methods that create urban management information
  • ISO/AWI TR 37115 [Under development]
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Use Cases on Net Zero Carbon Cities Pathways
  • ISO/AWI 37116 [Under development]
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Disaster risk finance
    Principles and general requirements for finance for ex-ante investment in risk reduction
  • ISO 37122:2019
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Indicators for smart cities
  • ISO 37123:2019
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Indicators for resilient cities
  • ISO/DIS 37125 [Under development]
    Sustainable cities and communities – Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) indicators for cities
  • ISO/DIS 37153 [Under development]
    Smart community infrastructures
    Maturity model for assessment and improvement
  • ISO 37162:2023
    Smart community infrastructures
    Smart transportation for newly developing areas
  • ISO 37166:2022
    Smart community infrastructures
    Urban data integration framework for smart city planning (SCP)
  • ISO 37168:2022
    Smart community infrastructures
    Guidance on smart transportation by Electric, Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (eCAVs) and its application to on-demand responsive passenger services with shared vehicles
  • ISO 37170:2022
    Smart community infrastructures
    Data framework for infrastructure governance based on digital technology in smart cities
  • ISO/TS 37172:2022
    Smart community infrastructures
    Data exchange and sharing for community infrastructures based on geographic information
  • ISO 37173:2023
    Smart community infrastructure
    Guidance for the development of smart building information systems
  • ISO/DIS 37176 [Under development]
    Smart community infrastructure
    Responsiveness assessment and maturity model
  • ISO/TR 37178:2023
    Smart community infrastructures
    Data exchange and sharing for the lamppost network in smart community
  • ISO/DIS 37179 [Under development]
    Smart community infrastructures
    Disaster risk reduction
    Basic framework for the implementation of disaster risk reduction
  • ISO 37181:2022
    Smart community infrastructures
    Smart transportation by autonomous vehicles on public roads
  • ISO 37182:2022
    Smart community infrastructures
    Smart transportation for fuel efficiency and pollution emission reduction in bus transportation services
  • ISO/AWI 37187 [Under development]
    Smart community infrastructures
    Requirements for data framework and functions based on city information modeling platform
  • ISO/AWI 37194 [Under development]
    Smart community infrastructures
    Disaster risk reduction
    Guidance for the process of selecting seismometer systems suitable for specific purposes
  • IEC/AWI 63205 [Under development]
    Smart Cities Reference Architecture (SCRA)
Technical Committee
ISO/IEC JTC 1
Information technology
  • Published 3496 Standards | Developing 509 Projects
  • ISO/IEC TS 5147:2023
    Information technology
    Computer graphics, image processing and environmental data representation
    Guidelines for representation and visualization of smart cities
  • ISO/IEC AWI TR 10267-2 [Under development]
    Information technology
    Data use in smart cities
    Part 2: Use case analysis and common considerations
  • ISO/IEC FDIS 17917 [Under development]
    Smart cities
    Guidance to establishing a decision-making framework for sharing data and information services
  • ISO/IEC AWI TR 20169 [Under development]
    Information technology
    Overview of smart city standardization
  • ISO/IEC AWI 20538 [Under development]
    Human Information Data Model for 3D Virtual Smart Cities
  • ISO/IEC 24039:2022
    Information technology
    Smart city digital platform reference architecture
    Data and service
  • ISO/IEC 30182:2017
    Smart city concept model
    Guidance for establishing a model for data interoperability
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 59/SC 17
Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works
  • Published 13 Standards | Developing 2 Projects
  • ISO 21678:2020
    Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works
    Indicators and benchmarks
    Principles, requirements and guidelines
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 204
Intelligent transport systems
  • Published 340 Standards | Developing 67 Projects
  • ISO/DTR 17748-1 [Under development]
    Intelligent transport systems
    Energy-guided green ITS services on nomadic and mobile devices for smart city mobility applicaitons
    Part 1: General information and use cases definition
  • ISO/AWI TS 17748-2 [Under development]
    Intelligent transport systems
    Nomadic and mobile devices
    Energybased green ITS services for smart city mobility applications
    Part 2: Part 2: Functional requirements of data platform
  • ISO/AWI 17748-3 [Under development]
    Intelligent transport systems
    Energy-based green ITS services for smart city mobility applications via nomadic and mobile devices
    Part 3: Part 3: Data exchange requirements for electric vehicles (EV)-based demand response charging services
Technical Committee
ISO/TC 205
Building environment design
  • Published 49 Standards | Developing 10 Projects
Technical Committee
ISO/TMBG
Technical Management Board - groups
  • Published 66 Standards | Developing 9 Projects
  • ISO/TMBG/JSCTF-TF 19 ISO, IEC and ITU Joint Smart Cities Task Force

References

  1. Global trends. Paradox of progress (US National Intelligence Council, 2017)
  2. Foresight Africa. Top priorities for the continent 2020-2030 (Brookings Institution, 2020)
  3. Technology vision 2020. We, the post-digital people (Accenture, 2020)
  4. Digital economy report 2019. Value creation and capture: implications for developing countries (UN Conference on Trade and Development, 2019)
  5. Global Trends and the future of Latin America. Why and how Latin America should think about the future (Inter-American Development Bank, Inter-American Dialogue, 2016)
  6. Global risks 2035 update. Decline or new renaissance? (Atlantic Council, 2019)
  7. 20 New technology trends we will see in the 2020s (BBC Science Focus Magazine, 2020)
  8. AGCS trend compass (Allianz, 2019)
  9. Global connectivity outlook to 2030 (World Bank, 2019)
  10. What are the levels of automated driving? (Aptiv, 2020)
  11. Future possibilities report 2020 (UAE Government, 2020)
  12. Global strategic trends. The future starts today (UK Ministry of Defence, 2018)
  13. Global trends to 2030. Challenges and choices for Europe (European Strategy and Policy Analysis System, 2019)
  14. Technology outlook 2030. Technology & society (Det Norske Veritas, 2021)
  15. Beyond the noise. The megatrends of tomorrow's world (Deloitte, 2017)
  16. Emerging technologies and smart cities (Forbes, 2021)
  17. Digital megatrends. A perspective on the coming decade of digital disruption (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, 2019)